CIS-CAT Pro Assessor Coverage Guide


Introduction

This document provides information about the assessment capabilities of CIS-CAT Pro Assessor v4, such as included benchmarks, OVAL test types, scripting capabilities, etc.


CIS Benchmark Coverage

CIS currently distributes CIS-CAT with production support for the following benchmarks. The benchmarks utilize standards included in the Security Content Automation Protocol, such as the eXtensible Configuration Checklist Description Format (XCCDF) and the Open Vulnerability and Assessment Language (OVAL).

Note that any benchmark listed below which displays a bulleted list of "id:description" information are those benchmarks which contain "interactive values". Please see the CIS-CAT Pro Assessor CLI User's Guide for more information regarding configuration of these values.

For some older Windows platforms such as Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2, it is required to be current with service pack updates in order for the assessment to process without error.

CIS-CAT Pro Assessor v4 is a standards-based application focused on vendor-supported technology platforms and applications where OVAL coverage is available. The below technologies are supported. CIS-CAT Pro Assessor v4 supported CIS Benchmarks will be present in the benchmark directory of your downloaded CIS-CAT bundle and contain "oval" and "xccdf" in the filename. Please contact CIS Support for additional coverage requests.

CIS Benchmarks no longer officially supported for use with CIS-CAT have been archived. As Members are working to upgrade systems within their organization to more current technology, CIS offers archived CIS Benchmark automated assessment content on the CIS WorkBench. Navigate to CIS WorkBench for more information.

The CIS Benchmarks are tested with the prior, official CIS-CAT version at the time automated Benchmark content is announced as supported in CIS-CAT. The CIS-CAT tool, on each release performs some regression testing, where possible, for most Benchmark versions released with the CIS-CAT bundle. Future and past CIS Benchmark versions for the technologies supported may work with the current or past CIS-CAT tool versions, but are not guaranteed and should be used at each organization's discretion.

Some CIS Benchmark recommendations may not be supported for automation in CIS-CAT. This can result in differences occurring between the CIS Benchmark PDF recommendations identified as “Automated” and the CIS-CAT report. An “Automated” recommendation means that the CIS Benchmark Community has determined that this recommendation can potentially be fully assessed to a pass/fail state by a configuration assessment tool. In cases where CIS-CAT does not support a given “Automated” Recommendation it will be reported as “Manual” in the CIS-CAT report.

  • CIS AKS-Optimized Azure Linux 2 v1.0.0
  • CIS AlmaLinux OS 8 v3.0.0
  • CIS AlmaLinux OS 9 v1.0.0
  • CIS Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) v1.5.0
  • CIS Amazon Linux 2023 v1.0.0
  • CIS Amazon Linux 2 v3.0.0
  • CIS Amazon Linux 2 STIG v2.0.0
  • CIS Apache Tomcat 9 v1.2.0
  • CIS Apache Tomcat 10 v1.1.0
  • CIS Apple macOS 10.15 Catalina v3.0.0
  • CIS Apple macOS 11.0 Big Sur v4.0.0
  • CIS Apple macOS 12.0 Monterey v3.0.0
  • CIS Cloud-tailored Apple macOS 12 v1.0.0
  • CIS Apple macOS 13.0 Ventura v2.0.0
  • CIS Cloud-tailored Apple macOS 13 v1.0.0
  • CIS Apple macOS 14.0 Sonoma v1.0.0
  • CIS Cloud-tailored Apple macOS 14 v1.0.0
  • CIS Azure Compute Microsoft Windows Server 2019 v1.0.1
  • CIS Azure Compute Microsoft Windows Server 2022 v1.0.0
  • CIS Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) v1.5.0
  • CIS CentOS Linux 7 v4.0.0
  • CIS Cisco IOS 15 v4.1.1
  • CIS Cisco IOS XE 16 v2.1.0
  • CIS Cisco IOS XE 17 v2.1.0
  • CIS Debian Family Linux, v1.0.0
  • CIS Debian Linux 10 v2.0.0
  • CIS Debian Linux 11 v2.0.0
  • CIS Debian Linux 11 STIG v1.0.0
  • CIS Debian Linux 12 v1.0.1
  • CIS Docker v1.6.0
  • CIS Fedora 28 Family Linux, v2.0.1 - NOTE: Requires the "ignore.platform.mismatch" property be set to "true" in the Assessor's properties file.
  • CIS Google Chrome Benchmark, v3.0.0
  • CIS Google Kubernetes Engine (GKE) Benchmark, v1.5.0
  • CIS_Kubernetes V1.20 Benchmark, v1.0.1
  • CIS_Kubernetes V1.23 Benchmark, v1.0.1
  • CIS Kubernetes v1.9.0
  • CIS MIT Kerberos 1.10 Benchmark, v1.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Edge Benchmark, v2.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft IIS 8 Benchmark, v1.5.0
  • CIS Microsoft IIS 10 Benchmark, v1.2.1
  • CIS Microsoft Intune for Office v1.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Intune for Windows 10, v3.0.1
  • CIS Microsoft Intune for Windows 11, v3.0.1
  • CIS Microsoft Office Enterprise, v1.1.0
  • CIS Microsoft Office Access 2013 Benchmark, v1.0.1
  • CIS Microsoft Office Excel 2013 Benchmark, v1.0.1
  • CIS Microsoft Office Outlook 2013 Benchmark, v1.1.0
  • CIS Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2013 Benchmark, v1.0.1
  • CIS Microsoft Office Word 2013 Benchmark, v1.1.0
  • CIS Microsoft Office 2013 Benchmark, v1.1.0
  • CIS Microsoft SQL Server 2016 Benchmark, v1.4.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: SQL Server connection string.
  • CIS Microsoft SQL Server 2017 Benchmark, v1.3.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: SQL Server connection string.
  • CIS Microsoft SQL Server 2019 Benchmark, v1.4.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: SQL Server connection string.
  • CIS Microsoft SQL Server 2022 Benchmark, v1.1.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: SQL Server connection string.
  • CIS Microsoft Windows 10 Enterprise, v3.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows 10 EMS Gateway, v3.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows 10 Stand-alone Benchmark, v3.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows 11 Enterprise, v3.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows 11 Stand-alone Benchmark, v3.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2008 (non-R2) v3.1.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 v3.3.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2012 (non-R2) v3.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2 v3.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2016 v3.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2016 STIG v2.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2019 v3.0.1
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2019 STIG v2.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2019 Standalone v1.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2022 v3.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows Server 2022 STIG v1.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows 8 Benchmark, v1.0.0
  • CIS Microsoft Windows 8.1 Workstation v2.4.0
  • CIS MongoDB 3.6, v1.1.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_runnin_config_file.url: MongoDB running configuration file (mongod.conf) location.
  • CIS MongoDB 4, v1.0.0
  • CIS MongoDB 5, v1.2.0
  • CIS MongoDB 6, v1.1.0
  • CIS MongoDB 7, v1.0.0
  • CIS Mozilla Firefox 38 ESR v1.0.0
  • CIS NGINX v2.0.1
  • Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Container Engine for Kubernetes (OKE) v1.5.0
  • CIS Oracle MySQL Community Server 5.7 v2.0.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: MySQL Server connection string.
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_repl.user: MySQL replication user name.
  • CIS Oracle MySQL Enterprise Edition 5.7 v2.0.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: MySQL Server connection string.
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_repl.user: MySQL replication user name.
  • CIS Oracle MySQL Community Edition 8.0 v1.0.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: MySQL Server connection string.
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_repl.user: MySQL replication user name.
  • CIS Oracle MySQL Enterprise Edition 8.0 v1.3.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: MySQL Server connection string.
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_repl.user: MySQL replication user name.
  • CIS Oracle Database 18c v1.1.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: Oracle Database connection string.
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_listener.ora: Path to the listener.ora file
  • CIS Oracle Database 19c v1.2.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: Oracle Database connection string.
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_listener.ora: Path to the listener.ora file
  • CIS Oracle Linux 7 Benchmark, v4.0.0
  • CIS Oracle Linux 8 Benchmark, v3.0.0
  • CIS Oracle Linux 9 Benchmark, v1.0.0
  • CIS Palo Alto Firewall 9 v1.1.0 (offline only)
  • CIS Palo Alto Firewall 10 v1.2.0 (offline only)
  • CIS Palo Alto Firewall 11 v1.1.0 (offline only)
  • CIS PostgreSQL 9.5 Benchmark, v1.1.0.1
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: PostgreSQL Database connection string.
  • CIS PostgreSQL 9.6 Benchmark, v1.0.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: PostgreSQL Database connection string.
  • CIS PostgreSQL 10 Benchmark, v1.0.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: PostgreSQL Database connection string.
  • CIS PostgreSQL 11 Benchmark, v1.0.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: PostgreSQL Database connection string.
  • CIS PostgreSQL 12 Benchmark, v1.1.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: PostgreSQL Database connection string.
  • CIS PostgreSQL 13 Benchmark, v1.2.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: PostgreSQL Database connection string.
  • CIS PostgreSQL 14 Benchmark, v1.2.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: PostgreSQL Database connection string.
  • CIS PostgreSQL 15 Benchmark, v1.1.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: PostgreSQL Database connection string.
  • CIS PostgreSQL 16 Benchmark, v1.0.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity_value_jdbc.url: PostgreSQL Database connection string.
  • CIS Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 v4.0.0
  • CIS Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 STIG v2.0.0
  • CIS Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 3.0.0
  • CIS Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 STIG v1.0.0
  • CIS Red Hat Enterprise Linux 9 v1.0.0
  • CIS Red Hat OpenShift Container Platform v4, v1.5.0
  • CIS Rocky Linux 8 v1.1.0
  • CIS Rocky Linux 9 v1.0.0
  • CIS SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 v3.1.0
  • CIS SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 v1.1.1
  • CIS Ubuntu Linux 18.04 LTS v2.2.0
  • CIS Ubuntu Linux 20.04 LTS v2.0.1
  • CIS Ubuntu Linux 20.04 LTS STIG v2.0.0
  • CIS Ubuntu Linux 22.04 LTS v2.0.0
  • CIS VMware ESXi 6.7 v1.4.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity.benchmarks_value_esxi.connection: ESXi host connection string
  • CIS VMware ESXi 7.0 v1.4.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity.benchmarks_value_esxi.connection: ESXi host connection string
  • CIS VMware ESXi 8.0 v1.1.0
    • xccdf_org.cisecurity.benchmarks_value_esxi.connection: ESXi host connection string

Vulnerability Assessments

Version 4.23 in November 2022 was the final release containing vulnerability assessment capabilities. Read our knowledge base article to learn more.

CIS-CAT's goal is to focus on what our Members find most valuable. Members have told us that CIS-CAT's automated configuration assessment capabilities with CIS Benchmark content is the most important aspect of CIS SecureSuite. CIS-CAT aims to streamline and continue to support the fundamental configuration best practice needs for the single enterprise.


OVAL Capabilities

International in scope and free for public use, OVAL is an information security community effort to standardize how to assess and report upon the machine state of computer systems. OVAL includes a language to encode system details, and an assortment of content repositories held throughout the community.

Tools and services that use OVAL for the three steps of system assessment — representing system information, expressing specific machine states, and reporting the results of an assessment — provide enterprises with accurate, consistent, and actionable information so they may improve their security. Use of OVAL also provides for reliable and reproducible information assurance metrics and enables interoperability and automation among security tools and services.

Platform Independent

Test Name Implemented? Notes
Environment Variable (<5.8) Y
Environment Variable (5.8+) N
Family Y
File Hash (<5.8) Y
File Hash (5.8+) Y
LDAP (<5.7) Y
LDAP (5.7+) N Deprecated
SQL (<5.7+) N Deprecated
SQL (5.7+) Y
Text File Content (<5.4) Y
Text File Content (5.4+) Y
Unknown Y
Variable Y
XML File Content Y

Microsoft Windows

Test Name Implemented? Notes
Access Token Y
Active Directory (<5.7) N
Active Directory (5.7+) N
Audit Event Policy Y
Audit Event Policy Subcategories Y
Cmdlet Y
DNSCache N
File Y
File Audited Permissions (<5.3) Y
File Audited Permissions (5.3+) Y
File Effective Rights (<5.3) Y
File Effective Rights (5.3+) Y
Group Y
Group SID Y
Interface Y
Junction Y
License Y
Lockout Policy Y
Metabase N
NTUser N
Password Policy Y
PEHeader Y
Port Y
Printer Effective Rights N
Process (<5.8) Y
Process (5.8+) Y
Registry Y
Registry Key Audited Permissions (<5.3) Y
Registry Key Audited Permissions (5.3+) Y
Registry Key Effective Rights (<5.3) Y
Registry Key Effective Rights (5.3+) Y
Service Y
Service Effective Rights Y
Shared Resource Y
Shared Resource Audited Permissions Y
Shared Resource Effective Rights Y
SID Y
SID SID Y
System Metric Y
UAC Y
User Y
User Rights Y
User SID (<5.5) Y
User SID (5.5+) Y
Volume Y
WMI (<5.7) Y
WMI (5.7+) Y
WUA Update Searcher Y

Unix

Test Name Implemented? Notes
DNSCache N
File Y
File Extended Attribute Y
Gconf Y
Inetd Y
Interface Y
Password Y
Process (<5.8) N
Process (5.8+) Y
Routing Table N
Runlevel Y
SCCS N
Shadow Y
Symlink Y
Sysctl Y
Uname Y
Xinetd Y

Linux

Test Name Implemented? Notes
AppArmor Status Y
DpkgInfo Y
IfListeners N
Inet Listening Servers Y
Partition Y
RPM Info Y
RPM Verify N
RPM Verify File N
RPM Verify Package N
SELinux Booleans Y
SELinux Security Context N
Slackware PkgInfo N
Systemd Unit Dependency Y
Systemd Unit Property Y

Mac OSX

Test Name Implemented? Notes
Account Info Y
Authorization DB Y
CoreStorage Y
Disabled Service N
DiskUtil N
File Vault N
Firmware Password N
Gatekeeper Y
Inet Listening Servers (<5.10) N
Inet Listening Servers (5.10+) N
Install History N
Keychain Y
Launchd Y
Nvram N
Nvram (5.12) N
Plist (<5.10) Y
Plist (5.10) Y
Plist (5.11+) Y
Profiles Y
Pwpolicy (<5.9) N
Pwpolicy (5.9+) N
Pwpolicy (5.12+) N
Rlimit Y
Software Update N
System Profiler N
System Setup N

Cisco IOS

Test Name Implemented? Notes
ACL Y Partial implementation
BGP Neighbor Y
Global Y
Interface Y
Line Y
Router Y
Routing Protocol Auth. Intf. Y
Section Y
SNMP Y
SNMP Community Y
SNMP Group Y
SNMP Host Y
SNMP User Y
SNMP View Y
Tclsh Y
Version (<5.5) Y
Version (5.5+) Y

Microsoft IIS (Extension)

Test Name Implemented? Notes
Application Host Config Y
Application Pool Y
Site Bindings Y
System Web Y
Web Config Y
Appcmd Y
Appcmd List Config Y

VMware ESXi (Extension)

Test Name Implemented? Notes
VMHost Acceptance Level Y
VMHost VIB Y
VMHost Module Y
VMHost Coredump Y
VMHost Web Server SSL Y
VMHost Authentication Y
VMHost Account Y
VMHost SNMP N
VMHost Advanced Setting Y
VMHost Service Y
VMHost NTP Server Y
VMHost Lockdown Y
VMHost Firewall Exception Y
VMHost Bus Adapter Y
VMHost iSCSI Host Bus Adapter N
VMHost vSwitch Policy Y
VM Advanced Setting Y
VM Device Y
VM Hard Disk Device Y
VM Resource Config N
Virtual Distributed Switch Y
Virtual Distributed Switch Port Group Y

Other

Test Name Implemented? Notes
Shell Command Y Extension, Platform Independent
Invalid User Home Directory Ownership Y Extension, Linux

Scripting Capabilities

CIS-CAT Pro Assessor implements the Script Check Engine (SCE) check system, initially introduced as part of the OpenSCAP project. Using SCE in XCCDF documents allows administrators to use already-created scripts written in Bash, Windows Batch files, PowerShell, VBScript, etc. in benchmark recommendations.

CIS-CAT Pro Assessor supports using SCE usage with the following scripting languages:

  • bash
  • PowerShell
  • Windows batch scripts
  • VBScript

Configuring SCE Checks

Configuring a recommendation's <check> element to be evaluated using a script, users must first note the namespace URI of the Script Check Engine, the filepath, relative to the CIS-CAT Pro Assessor "working" directory, of the script, and any input arguments necessary during the execution of the script.

An example from the CIS CentOS 7 benchmark illustrates an SCE check:

<xccdf:check system="http://open-scap.org/page/SCE">
    <check-import import-name="stdout"/>
    <xccdf:check-export export-name="XCCDF_VALUE_REGEX" value-id="xccdf_org.cisecurity.benchmarks_value_4.1.6.3_var"/>
    <check-content-ref href="sce/auditd.sh"/>
</xccdf:check>

Note the key information:

  • The system attribute on the XCCDF check element must have a value of http://open-scap.org/page/SCE to indicate this is an SCE check,
  • The <check-import import-name="stdout"/> line must exist to indicate to the SCE that information displayed on stdout is relevant,
  • Any arguments required by the script must be passed as environment variables using the XCCDF check-export element.
    • The export-name attribute represents the name of the environment variable used within the script being executed. While not mandatory, the export-name should follow the naming convention XCCDF_VALUE_(NAME). These same environment variable names are those that are used within the script itself.
    • The value-id attribute represents the XCCDF Value to be used as the value of the environment variable passed as an argument to the script.
  • The check-content-ref element must exist, containing an href attribute value that references the name of the script to be executed. This href value can be a relative path, based on the "working" directory of the CIS-CAT Pro Assessor, or a full canonical path to the script to be executed. Using the example content above, if the CIS-CAT Pro Assessor "working" directory (the folder in which CCPA is installed) is /opt/CCPA/Assessor-CLI, the href attribute value of sce/auditd.sh references the script residing at /opt/CCPA/Assessor-CLI/sce/auditd.sh

CIS-CAT Pro Assessor determines the execution environment based on the file extension of the script:

Script Extension SCE Execution Environment Notes
.sh bash
.ps1 PowerShell Efforts have been made so users should not need to change any PowerShell settings in order to run these scripts. CIS-CAT Pro Assessor v4 calls PowerShell using the -ExecutionPolicy bypass option. This will temporarily bypass the existing PowerShell execution policy just for the duration of each CCPA script’s run without changing the system’s overall PowerShell execution policy. Additionally, the Unblock-File PowerShell command will be run against the scripts when CIS-CAT Pro Assessor calls them; this will result in CCPA's scripts remaining unblocked/trusted even after running the Assessment. The use of the -ExecutionPolicy bypass and Unblock-File are meant to contribute to a smoother user experience, but it is important that users consider any policy and security implications for their organization prior to running CIS-CAT Pro Assessor.
.bat Windows Batch
.vbs VBScript